The Purpose of Advent, Part 1

 

To Destroy the Devil’s Work

 

The one who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil’s work.  (1 John 3:8 | TNIV)

 

As we approach the Advent season, we know that Christmas is just a few weeks away. Many churches celebrate Advent, the four Sundays before Christmas. It’s a way to focus our attention on the real meaning of Christmas, as opposed to the secular idea of Christmas. The importance of the real meaning of Christmas can’t be overstated. The whole teaching of Scripture places Advent at the very center of God’s plan for saving sinful man. Toward Advent, all of human history had moved until it happened. The messages of the prophets and the songs of the psalmists all pointed the coming of Jesus. 

 

Over the next four Sundays, I’d like to talk about the four-fold purpose of Advent:

 

·      To destroy the Devil’s works;

·      To take away our sins;

·      To reveal the Father;

·      To set the stage for the Second Advent.

 

Nobody loved Jesus quite like John did. Of course, the other disciples loved Jesus, too. But John seemed to have deeper understanding of who this Man was. We know Peter loved the Lord, but it’s hard to imagine Peter sitting quietly beside Jesus just listening to Him. Peter was the one who was quick to interrupt, quick to get moving and get things done. But John was quite content to sit and listen. If anybody heard the heartbeat of God in Jesus, it must surely have been the apostle John. 

 

That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we proclaim concerning the Word of life. The life appeared; we have seen it and testify to it, and we proclaim to you the eternal life, which was with the Father and has appeared to us. We proclaim to you what we have seen and heard, so that you also may have fellowship with us. And our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son, Jesus Christ. We write this to make our joy complete.  (1 John 1:1 – 4 | TNIV)

 

Those four verses are one long sentence in the Greek, and as you read it, you can sense the excitement with which it was originally written. And you can also sense how close John was to Jesus. All the apostles were close to Jesus, but especially John. John conveys that closeness using an odd phrase about “touching the Word of life.” How can you touch a word? How can you touch life? But this is what John and his friends had done. John was very conscious that in this Man Jesus was the very Word of God and the life of God. He was conscious of the flesh, but very conscious of the deity of Jesus. 

 

John wrote that “the life appeared.” Other versions use the old fashioned word, “manifested.” The Greek word presupposes a prior existence to manifest or to reveal. That’s a mouthful John wrote in one phrase! In this Man from Nazareth, there was the manifestation of One who had existed long before the Man from Nazareth. That existence is hinted at with the opening words of this first letter of John’s: “That which was from the beginning.” They remind us, as they reminded this letter’s first readers, of the opening words of Genesis. This One John is talking about has been around for a very, very long time. From all of eternity, in fact. 

 

The incarnation of the Son of God was not the beginning of the Son of God. It was not an act by which God began to come close to man. It was an act by God showed man how close He really was to them. In fact, God has always been close to His creation, but His creation is so spiritually dull, it can’t sense Him. So in these opening verses of 1 John, John was telling his readers that this Jesus Christ, whom he and his friends all knew so well, had been with the Father in the beginning before creation itself.

 

In his Gospel, John tells us something else about creation. None of it would be here had it not been for this Word of life.

 

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.  (John 1:1 – 3 | TNIV)

 

Had it not been for the Son of God, none of creation would exist. We wouldn’t exist. All things were made through Him. So when the Son of God came, He was visiting that which He had created.  As to why He paid His creation a visit, John gives us the reason:

 

The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil’s work. (1 John 3:8b | TNIV)

 

But just what are the devil’s works on earth? Again, John tells us. Consider:

 

You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies. (John 8:44 | TNIV)

 

[21] After he had said this, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, “Very truly I tell you, one of you is going to betray me.” [26] Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.” Then, dipping the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. [27] As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. So Jesus told him, “What you are about to do, do quickly.”  (John 13:21, 26, 27 | TNIV)

 

Those verses tell us exactly what the devil’s works are:

 

§  He is a murderer;

§  He is a liar;

§  He is the betrayer.

 

Murderer

 

Satan is first and foremost a murder; a destroyer of life. The highest form of life, is naturally, spiritual life. Satan does his best work when he is able to kill a person spiritually because that results in that person being forever lost to God. But He’s subtle about it. He doesn’t come at us with guns blazing. He blinds us to God’s purposes and His love. He causes us to have hard hearts towards God and the things of God. These are symptoms of the slow acting poison with which Satan kills man. 

 

But, all sickness and disease can be traced back to the presence of sin in the world, which Satan himself put here. So, in the broad sense, all sickness and disease, war and poverty, all the things that slowly kill a man are the devil’s work, too.

 

The word translated “murder” in John 8:44 can be translated as “man-slayer.” And that’s what the devil is. He isn’t your friend. Nothing good comes from him. He will kill you the first chance he gets if you get too close to him. His work in this regard is to spoil your life any way he can until you’re dead on the inside; a zombie husk of what God intended you to be. All ignorance, all despair, all wandering over the trackless deserts of life are do to man’s spiritual life bleeding out of him, thanks to the murdering work of the devil.

 

Liar

 

The devil is also a liar. And he’s good at it! He is able to cause the world to believe is lies. His lies are all designed to blind the sinner to God’s love; to cause irreparable damage to the human heart even as he promises otherwise; to sow discord between people; to make people as miserable as he his! And his lies to the believers are just as bad. 

 

Years ago, somebody compiled a list of the devil’s top ten lies.  Here they are, in no particular order.  How many have you bought into:

 

1.     God doesn’t exist. Over the last few years, atheists have become far more outspoken and seem to have been able to win over more and more converts.

2.     There is no such place as hell. In spite of the fact that the Bible talks a lot more about hell than heaven, still the devil’s lie persists: A loving God would never send a person to hell!

3.     Sin isn’t really that serious. Just be a good person. One of the devil’s most easily believed lie is yours sins aren’t really a big deal. After all, you haven’t killed anybody, right? In fact, the Gospel teaches that, while all sins are not the same, any one of them will keep you our of heaven.

4.     God wants you to be happy. So, just do what makes you feel happy. Well, while God doesn’t anybody unhappy, your happiness isn’t His chief concern! It’s the state of your eternal soul that eats up most of the Lord’s time and concern.

5.     Getting more still will make you happy. Satan would have us perusing some shiny object rather than God. 

6.     This life is all there is. Once you die, that’s it; you no longer exist.

7.     God really doesn’t love you. He may love other people, but not you.

8.     I can’t be saved. I’ve gone too far. Jesus didn’t give up heaven and being in the form of God and travel to the cross of Calvary—all that work and effort—to save other people but not you.

9.     Once you’re saved, regardless of how you, you can ever lose your salvation. The purpose of the gospel is to change us to make us like Jesus.The New Testament is clear that we are to live holy lives, but if we walk according to the flesh, God will reject us and send us to hell (see 1 Pet. 1:13-16; Gal. 1:6-9; Heb. 10:24-26).

10.  You’re saved by saying “the sinner’s prayer.” Nowhere in the Bible does it say anything like that. A lot of people have said “the sinner’s prayer,” and I’m sure some meant it and were saved in a moment. But the Christian life is not the same thing as a conversion experience. Satan’s big lie is that you get saved and that’s the end of it. In fact, the Bible teaches that salvation is life-long pursuit. You were saved when you confessed Christ and repented of your sins – you are saved by living the way God wants you to – you will be saved when the Lord returns.

 

Betrayer

 

Judas betrayed Jesus after the devil entered him. As the ultimate betrayer, the devil did essentially what Judas did: He took the love of God threw it back in God’s face. That’s really what Judas did. Jesus opened up His heart to this man. He called Judas a “friend.” And in a moment of time, Judas took a relationship three years in the making and tossed it in the cosmic trash can.

 

But if you think Judas is the only one who has ever betrayed the love of God, think again. History is littered with the human wreckage of men and women who once supposedly loved and served God, but who, for reasons known only to them, turned their backs on Him.

 

Jesus came to destroy all of the devil’s works. He destroys death by giving sinners the gift of new life. The new life in all believers undos the murderous work of Satan. In Christ, there is no hatred for others, only love. Hatred, avarice, jealousy, selfishness, all those things are destroyed and being destroyed by the light of God’s love in Christ Jesus.

 

Jesus destroys the devil’s lies with the truth of His Word. That means the more of the Bible you know, the fewer lies you will believe. 

 

Jesus came the first time to destroy the works of the devil, the first reason for Advent.

 

 

 

 

The Ideal Church, Part 4

 

 

Are you a member of an ideal church?  You may well be and not even know it!  Yes, that church you attend on Sunday that you frequently complain about could very be an ideal church.  The church that you think is so perfect – the one all your friends attend with its worship band and hip pastor who wears skinny jeans may not be an ideal church.  Or it may be.  The ideal church is so not because it’s full to overflowing with young families.  An ideal church could be a very large mega church pastored by a guy with a million dollar smile and nice hair, or it could be the small congregation nestled in the mountains, part of a town nobody ever heard of.  The ideal church is the church that holds the Word of God to be its final authority.  The ideal church is, as we have noted so far:

 

·      The church that is being built person-by-person by the Lord Jesus Christ Himself.  It’s being built on Him and His teachings.

·      The church that knows it has been bought by the shed blood of God’s own Son and is owned by God Himself.

·      The church that understands the Holy Spirit is its chief administrator and that He has gifted members of the congregation with gifts that are used to build up its members.

 

The ideal church is a church whose foundation is built upon the Rock of Jesus Christ, by Jesus Christ and is empowered by His Holy Spirit, working in and through its members.  

 

The ideal church is also a church that prays.  I have often said that nothing happens on earth unless somebody, somewhere is praying about it.  I believe that to be true because it’s part of the prayer that Jesus taught His disciples to pray. Maybe you know it:

 

Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

 

If we want God’s will to be accomplished on earth, we need to understand that two principles are at work – God’s ability to do and man’s ability to ask.  God can do anything, but we must ask Him.  If God wasn’t all powerful, then He couldn’t have provided for our redemption.  If we fail to pray about anything, we would be limiting God and hindering God’s plan for both us and the world.  But God’s ability to give and to do has never failed.  In fact, God cannot fail.  Unfortunately, we often fail to pray.  It’s a wonder God’s will ever gets done, given the fact that so many of His people are lazy when it comes to prayer.  

 

The apostle Paul expressed this remarkable ability of God to do anything for us in a most comprehensive way in 2 Corinthians:

 

And God is able to bless you abundantly, so that in all things at all times, having all that you need, you will abound in every good work.  (2 Corinthians 9:8 | TNIV)

 

The first declarative statement should thrill your heart:  God is able to bless you abundantly.   In other words, God is able to give you more than what you are asking for.  That’s a remarkable statement.  If you’ve never experienced this, it’s because you haven’t prayed or you’ve prayed incorrectly.  

 

You do not have because you do not ask God.  (James 4:2b | TNIV)

 

We, as individuals and collectively as the church, have become weak, feeble, and impoverished because we have failed to pray.  God is all powerful, but our lack of prayer can restrain Him; our weakness in asking God for anything can hold Him back.  

 

But there’s a caveat.  God has the ability to do anything for us – He can bless us abundantly so that our blessings literally overflow – for a purpose: So that you…will abound in every good work.  In other words, your prayers must be broad, not narrow, in scope.  It’s fine to pray for your own needs; the Bible tells us to do that.  But to stop at your needs while ignoring it the needs of others is selfish.  E.M. Bounds, expert on prayer, said this:

 

Intercession for others is the hallmark of true prayer.  

 

When the church doesn’t pray prayers global in scope, it is telling God that He’s small; that He’s not all that powerful.  “Abounding in every good work” refers to what we do for God.  God will give us more than we need to do good work.  In the Bible, that always refers to doing works that will advance the Kingdom of God on earth.  In the book of Acts, we have an example of this.  

 

So Peter was kept in prison, but the church was earnestly praying to God for him.  (Acts 12:5 | TNIV)

 

Here’s a great example of how praying for one person, in this case Peter, would not only benefit him but also advance the Kingdom of God.

 

It was about this time that King Herod arrested some who belonged to the church, intending to persecute them.  (Acts 12:1 | TNIV)

 

The “King Herod” here is Herod Agrippa I, the grandson of Herod the Great, who famously attempted to kill the baby Jesus.  Up to this point in history, almost all of the persecution against the church had been coming from the Jewish religious leaders.  But now the Roman government had taken notice of what they perceived to have been a growing threat against their authority.  Herod, in an attempt to please both Rome and influential Jewish groups, determined to decimate the new and burgeoning Christian church.  

 

Stephen was the very first Christian martyr and the second martyr named was James, one half of the “Sons of Thunder.”

 

He had James, the brother of John, put to death with the sword.  (Acts 12:2 | TNIV)

 

This was a dark time for the church in the Roman Empire.  James, a leader in the church at Jerusalem, was slain, yet Peter, also a church leader, as we will discover momentarily, was not.  Here’s a tough example of the sovereignty of God as it relates to the church.  Why was James allowed to die, but Peter permitted to live?  The answer is as simple as the sovereign will of God.  God is sovereign, which explains why it seems as though some prayers get answered but others go unanswered.  The truth is, we see see things very dimly and from only one perspective.  God, who knows all things and sees the beginning from the end knows what’s best.  That doesn’t mean we stop praying, it means that we learn how to pray according to God’s will in all things.  That’s not easy to do.  It seems to me that it will take at least a lifetime to get a handle on that.  But the sooner we learn that all things, including sickness and health, life and death, are in God’s hands, the sooner we’ll be praying powerful, effective prayers.  Some might say this is a defeatist attitude, but I think it’s the Biblical one.  Back in the book of Job, after he had lost so much, he and his wife had this exchange:

 

His wife said to him, “Are you still trying to be godly when God has done all this to you? Curse him and die.”  But he replied, “You talk like some heathen woman. What? Shall we receive only pleasant things from the hand of God and never anything unpleasant?” So in all this Job said nothing wrong.  (Job 2:9, 10 | TLB)

 

According to verse 10, Job did nothing wrong, yet if you look at how he suffered his wife’s suggestion might have been a tender suggestion, not a cruel remark.  Job called her a “heathen woman,” and that’s a good paraphrase of the Hebrew.  She was behaving like a person who either didn’t know God to begin with or one who outright rejected God or His will.  That same Hebrew word used elsewhere refers to an “unwise person.”  She was unwise – perhaps overcome by the sight of her husband and the loss of everything she thought was important.  But Job showed that he had a deeper wisdom; that he was able to keep his head and his eternal perspective.  Long before the words were written, Job was living out Deuteronomy 29:29 – 

 

There are secrets the Lord your God has not revealed to us, but these words that he has revealed are for us and our children to obey forever.  (Deuteronomy 29:29 | TLB)

 

There are things God has revealed to us; wonderful and amazing things.  But at the same time, He has chosen NOT to reveal everything to us.  Someday we will understand it all, but for now we need to be like Job in the sense that we need to understand that when a prayer appears to go unanswered, or worse, appears to be answered exactly opposite to the way we prayed, God is absolutely sovereign.  This is His world, not ours.  Our lives are His hands, He is not in ours.  It’s His church, not ours.  God is sovereign in all things, and we’d be wise to learn to accept that.

 

Getting back to Peter’s predicament, here was a godly man in jail because the State didn’t like what he was saying.  It’s a bad sign when speech is criminalized; an indication that a society is nearing its end.  The church was praying “earnestly” about this terrible situation.  James was dead and it looked like Peter was heading down that same path, so we can deduce what the content of their prayers was!

 

On the very night that Herod was planning to bring him out, Peter was asleep between two soldiers, chained with double chains, while guards maintained a strict watch in the doorway of the prison. Suddenly an angel of the Lord appeared, and light shone in the cell. He tapped Peter on the side and woke him up, saying, “Get up quickly.” His chains fell away from his hands and the angel said to him, “Fasten your belt and put on your sandals.”  (Acts 12:6 – 8a | JBP)

 

There’s something very strange going on in those verses, and it’s not the angelic visitors.  How was it that Peter was able to sleep, chained up between two soldiers, knowing what had happened to James?  Didn’t he fear for his life?  Remember, this was the guy that couldn’t keep his eyes open in the Garden of Gethsemane on the eve of Jesus’ crucifixion!  Something had happened to Peter between then and now.  He had grown into a mature follower of Jesus – the Man of Stone Jesus said he would become.  A man who has faith in God and confidence in His will can sleep anywhere, anytime.  Or maybe Peter remembered Jesus’ promise:

 

Very truly I tell you, when you were younger you dressed yourself and went where you wanted; but when you are old you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go.  (John 21:18 | TNIV)

 

Peter did exactly what the angel told him to do, even though Peter wasn’t 100% sure what was going on.  

 

Then Peter came to himself and said, “Now I know without a doubt that the Lord has sent his angel and rescued me from Herod’s clutches and from everything the Jewish people were hoping would happen.”  When this had dawned on him, he went to the house of Mary the mother of John, also called Mark, where many people had gathered and were praying.  (Acts 12:11, 12 | TNIV)

 

The power of God is greater than that of any State, including Rome.  Peter, out of prison, was faced with a dilemma. Where would a marked man go?  What would he do?  He knew the church would have been praying for him, so he he went to the house of Mary, the mother of Mark, to let them know he was all right.  A woman by the name of Rhoda (Morganstern, maybe?) heard Peter knocking at the door, asking to come in.  She recognized his voice but, instead of letting him in – which is funny in itself – ran back to tell the members of the church gathered there that Peter was at the door.  Then, as if to show that people are people the world over, this happened:

 

“You’re out of your mind,” they told her. When she kept insisting that it was so, they said, “It must be his angel.”  (Act 12:15 | TNIV)

 

This whole incident is humorous.  First, poor Peter.  He’s a man on the run, hunted by the Roman authorities, forced to stand out on the stoop, out in the open!  Second, poor Rhoda.  She had the best news ever – her prayers and the prayers of the church had been answered, but nobody believed her!  And third, the poor member of the church.  They had been praying that Peter would be delivered and when God answered the prayer, they didn’t believe it and thought Rhoda was a nut!  And fourth, they actually thought Peter had been killed and it was his “angel” that was paying them a visit.  It’s all very funny, but sad at the same time.  But the way these good people acted was in keeping with human nature.  They supposedly had the faith to pray for Peter, but what exactly were they expecting to happen?  Here’s another demonstration of God’s sovereignty.  He answered the prayers of people who didn’t have a whole lot of faith.  God is a God of grace, patience, and understanding.  

 

But Peter kept on knocking, and when they opened the door and saw him, they were astonished. Peter motioned with his hand for them to be quiet and described how the Lord had brought him out of prison. “Tell James and the other brothers and sisters about this,” he said, and then he left for another place.  (Acts 12:16, 17 | TNIV)

 

The people were “astonished” that God had answered their prayer.  And I’m sure God just smiled and shook His head. Here’s a little lesson: Don’t pray if you don’t think God won’t come through for you!  

 

An ideal church is a church that prays.  Yes, even when the faith of the church may be at a low ebb, if the church does what it’s supposed to do – in this case, pray – God will be gracious and move heaven and earth to answer that prayer.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Ideal Church, Part 3

All Saints Church, South Wingfield

 In our study of the Church, we noted the difference between the “perfect” church and the “ideal” church.  The difference is so easy, it seems like a waste of time to mention it.  But in our secular world, even Christians have become so spiritually dull that it’s necessary to point out that there is NO such thing as a “perfect” church.  It doesn’t exist anywhere on earth.  It never has.  That’s because the Church on earth is full of imperfect people.  Their hearts may be right and their motives pure, but members of any church are all imperfect, therefore, the church they belong to is imperfect.  Search high and low and you will never find the “perfect” church.  You will, however, find the “ideal” church.  You may even belong to it.  You may not.  It’s not the members, nor is it the staff, that makes a church “ideal.” It all boils down the church’s beliefs.  

So far, we’ve discovered that the ideal church has two components:

The ideal church is the Jesus-built church.  

And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of death will not overcome it.  (Matthew 16:18 | TNIV)

The Jesus-built church is one built upon the fact that Jesus Christ is the Messiah, the Son of the living God, and its beliefs come from the teaching of the God’s Word, both the living Word (Jesus Christ) and the written Word (the Bible).  Churches that are built around the teachings of man are not Jesus-built churches.  They will falter and fail eventually.  Only the church that is built upon the rock that is Jesus Christ will endure no matter what.

Also, the ideal church realizes that it doesn’t belong to its members or its pastor or even its denomination.  The ideal church knows for certain that it has been bought by the precious blood of Jesus and is therefore owned completely by God.

Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood.  (Acts 20:28 | TNIV)

Your pastor and your elders all have divinely ordained responsibilities that you may not have, but that doesn’t make the church theirs.  It is God’s special possession.  It was bought with the shed blood of His only Son.  It is of equal value to God as His Son.  The Church is special.  God thinks it is, even if you don’t.  Maybe we who belong to it should check our attitude about the church we attend.  Bad-mouthing something God’s own Son died for is probably not a good idea.

The third aspect of the ideal church is that even though it may be organized with a board of elders, led by a pastor or pastors, has deacons that look after it, and a treasurer to make sure the bills get paid, in reality it’s the Holy Spirit who is the administrator of the ideal church.

And God has placed in the church first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, of helping, of guidance, and of different kinds of tongues.  (1 Corinthians 12:28 | TNIV)

Chapter 12 of Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians was written in answer to a question the church had asked him.

Now about the gifts of the Spirit, brothers and sisters, I do not want you to be uninformed.  (1 Corinthians 12:1 | TNIV)

You just know the folks in the Corinthian church were, in fact, uninformed about the gifts of the Spirit.  It’s not that they were unfamiliar with the idea. In antiquity, it was recognized that some people were more spiritual than others and they were believed to have been endowed with certain powers and abilities regular people weren’t.  Often these “spiritually gifted” pagans would manifest their gifts in odd ways: Speaking in a weird language or in a frenzied manner; falling into a trance; behaving in an overly enthusiastic manner at times.  These were pagans, and as the church grew and converted pagans joined its ranks, they learned about what happened in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost when the Spirit fell and gifted members of the new church with the ability to, for example, speak in foreign languages and even heal the sick and the lame.  To these new converts, folks who were practicing the “flashy” gifts of the Holy Spirit were the real deal! They were the super-spiritual ones.  But others who didn’t practice the “flashy” gifts were viewed as less than spiritual.  Never mind that there were all kinds of gifts of the Spirit that may have seemed bland in comparison.  Loving people may not see like an exciting gift.  Giving abundantly to the work of the church may go unnoticed but it’s still a gift.  Paul’s teaching here is that all – ALL – gifts of the Spirit are important.  And a church needs all the gifts working in it.  

There are different kinds of gifts, but the same Spirit distributes them.  There are different kinds of service, but the same Lord.  There are different kinds of working, but in all of them and in everyone it is the same God at work.  (1 Corinthians 12:4 – 6 | TNIV)

This is such a simple truth, but the good people in the Corinthian church needed to know this.  The Holy Spirit distributes His gifts to people as He sees fit. These gifts often work in concert with the temperament and personality of the one receiving them.  Some of the gifts may seem exciting and flashy – like the working of miracles or speaking in tongues, for example – and others more subdued – like being hospitable to strangers and opening up your home to them, for example – but all the gifts of the Spirit come from the same Holy Spirit.  And they are all important.

Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good.  All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he distributes them to each one, just as he determines.  (1 Corinthians 12:7, 11 | TNIV)

Verse 7 is why the ideal church has members exercising the gifts of the Spirit:  They are given for the common good.  In other words, these gifts of the Spirit aren’t naturally in a person – even in a Christian – but they are given for the good of the members of the church.  This is why it’s so important to take church attendance seriously!  You are in possession of a gift or gifts from the Holy Spirit that your church needs!  When you don’t go to church you’re robbing somebody in your church of a touch from God through you.  

Just as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body, so it is with Christ.  For we were all baptized by one Spirit so as to form one body—whether Jews or Gentiles, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink.  Even so the body is not made up of one part but of many.  (1 Corinthians 12:12 – 14 | TNIV)

It’s a brilliant analogy – your church is like a body.  A physical body has all kinds of parts that work together.  Some parts may seem to be more important than others, but a physical body needs all of its parts to be healthy.  So it is with the church.  It’s made up of all kinds of people – different kinds of people – who naturally possess talents and abilities that the Lord uses within the church.  And when you add into the mix the various gifts of the Holy Spirit, the ideal church becomes a diverse church, made up of a variety of people all blessed by the same Spirit and all working together to build up God’s church.  

Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it.  (1 Corinthians 12:27 | TNIV)

This is an interesting verse; more interesting than it appears at first glance.  The “you” refers specifically to the members of the Corinthian church.  There was some arguing and contention among the members of this large, cosmopolitan congregation, and Paul wanted them to understand that rich or poor, freeman or slave, Jew or Gentile, male or female, all “you” Corinthians are  “part of the body of Christ.”  Here’s the interesting bit.  It’s not at all clear in the English, but in the Greek what Paul wrote is truly profound.  These bickering Corinthians formed the greater body of Christ, not just the part called the “church at Corinth.”  The sense here is that all believers, from first century Corinth to twenty-first Calgary, all believers form part of the eternal body of Christ.  All believers from every nation, from every walk of life, from all time form part of the living Body of Christ.  Every believer, from the best selling author who pastors a huge mega church on the west coast of the United States to the Vicar of a small, rural parish on the Isle of Skye in Scotland to the impoverished member of an underground church in the Sudan, is an important, indispensable, and vital member of Christ’s Body.

Of course, that doesn’t mean that all members of the Body of Christ have the same gifts or responsibilities.  We don’t.  And that’s the point of our key verse:

And God has placed in the church first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, of helping, of guidance, and of different kinds of tongues.  (1 Corinthians 12:28 | TNIV)

The ideal church recognizes that while all members of the church are important and necessary, not all members have the same responsibilities within the church.  God – not the board or the congregation or the denomination – has put certain people in the church to hold certain positions or offices for the good of the church.  These are not only people (apostles, prophets, teachers) but also gifts of the Holy Spirit (healing, helping, guidance, tongues).  It’s true that some of these offices have disappears because they are no longer necessary – there are no longer any apostles or prophets in the sense of being able to foretell the future – but you must understand that God is the One who knows what’s best for the church and who’s best for the church.  The Lord is the one who leads the right people into the church and gifts its members with the most necessary gifts for that church.  

Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Do all work miracles? Do all have gifts of healing? Do all speak in tongues ? Do all interpret?  (1 Corinthians 12:29, 30 | TNIV)

Those are all rhetorical questions designed to show the Corinthians and us that we’re all different but all necessary in the church.  God is a God of variety and He made us all different, unique, yet indispensable to the church.  

The ideal church recognizes not only the uniqueness of every one of its members, respects their natural talents and their spiritual gifts, but also encourages them to live out their faith within the church by allowing them to exercise their gifts.  Not only that, the ideal church understands that some in their number have been called and gifted to perform certain responsibilities in the church and assume certain offices within the church, and instead of responding in jealousy or envy, all members of the church should pray for and encourage those who hold those positions – like pastor or elder or teacher.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Ideal Church, Part 2

Westminster Abbey

 This series is called, “The Ideal Church.”  It’s not called, “The Perfect Church,” because there’s no such thing as the “perfect church.”  If somehow, somebody, somewhere could actually start “the perfect church,” the minute you join it, it would cease to be perfect.  The Church of Jesus Christ cannot be perfect because it’s made up of people like you and me: Dreadfully imperfect people, full of faults and foibles.  But there is “the ideal church,” and maybe you’re a member of an “ideal church.”  There are lots of them, all over the world.  You may not hear much about them.  Most of them aren’t pastored by famous, best selling authors.  But some may be.  You probably won’t find Grammy Award winning worship leaders in the “ideal church.”  Or maybe you might.  The “ideal church” isn’t necessarily hard to find.  But you have to look for it.  

The ideal church is not necessarily the “American church,” with it’s steeples and bells and, often with the word “campus” attached to it, with it’s typically American hymns and songs, often projected up on screens, with it’s hip worship leader wearing skinny jeans and a worship band made up a collection of 20-something year old musicians.  If you were to journey to other countries, even in the Western world, to attend a church service, you might be surprised how they “do church.”  Does a church, for example, that only sings the psalms with no musical instruments sound like an ideal church to you?  Or how about a church without a pastor; a church run by a number of elders who take turns preaching and teaching.  Does that sound ideal?  

It might surprise you to know that in terms of how long man has been roaming the earth, the church is fairly recent invention.  It’s true.  Going back to the earliest days of man on the earth, there was no church.  There was no “organized religion.”  There was only the family, and the worship of God all took place within that context.  The family, God’s idea in the first place, became the model for another one of His ideas: The church.  That’s why we often talk about “the church family.”  The church was founded by Jesus on the Day of Pentecost and local churches sprang up after that, and at first there was little or no organization, just a strong bond of love, fellowship, and co-operation.  The church in its simplest form is made of people who love each other, enjoy fellowshipping with each other, study God’s Word together, and work to promote the love of Christ in the larger community.  Is that the ideal church?

Last time out, we talked about the foundation of “the ideal church.”  It’s the Jesus-built church.  The ideal church isn’t built upon the yeast of Pharisees and the Sadducees.  It’s not built upon men like Peter and his teachings.  The ideal church is founded upon the Rock of Jesus Christ, the Christ, the Son of the living God.  It is built by Jesus Christ.  It is not built by clever marketing techniques and slick programs.  Lots of churches come and go, but the ideal church will stand the test of time; it will stand up under the withering blasts of Hell itself.  The Jesus-built church will endure until the very end.

Another thing to note about the ideal church is that it was bought by the very blood of Jesus Christ.

Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood.  (Acts 20:28 | TNIV)

That’s Paul speaking to a bunch of elders from the church at Ephesus.  There’s a lot of theology crammed in those two English sentences.  For example, there’s a gem of Pastoral Theology tucked in there.  Maybe you missed it.  Paul said that your “overseer” or your pastor is in his position because the Holy Spirit called him to be there.  Yes, the pastorate isn’t just a career a person chooses because he doesn’t like to get his hands dirty or because he likes to sing or impress people with his use of big words – Greek, Hebrew and English big words.  A true “man of the cloth” is so because God has called him to be one.  They are, furthermore, “shepherds of the church of God.”  That’s because churches are full of sheep that need to be led, tended to and cared for.  Of primary significance, though, is the last statement regarding the church of God: Christ bought it with his own blood.  

Blood in the Bible

To the uninitiated, the Christian church’s view of “the blood of Jesus” may seem kind of odd.  Most of us don’t like looking at blood.  Personally, I hate looking at anything outside of the body that belongs inside the body, and certainly singing songs about “blood” might be a bit off-putting, Jesus’ or otherwise.  And the idea of drinking the blood of Jesus during a Communion service could be seen as bizarre.  As a matter of fact, during the earliest days of Christianity, the celebration of the Lord’s Supper proved problematic because it led some Romans to think Christians were no better than cannibals!   So, where does the Christian obsession with “blood” come from?  It all goes back to what God thinks about it.

For the life of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make atonement for yourselves on the altar; it is the blood that makes atonement for one’s life.  Therefore I say to the Israelites, ‘None of you may eat blood, nor may any foreigner residing among you eat blood.’  (Leviticus 17:11, 12 | NIVUK)

As far as God was concerned, blood was all-important because without blood, there could be no life, and as part of His law for His people, they had to treat blood with all the reverence it deserved.  Even as far back as their days in Egypt, before the law was given at Mount Sinai, on the eve of their deliverance, the Israelites were told to put the blood of a sacrificed lamb on their door posts so that the “death angel” might see it and passover their homes.  Again, why blood?  It was to signify to that supernatural visitor that a death had already taken place in that home and that he could move along.  

Once a year, during the Day of Atonement celebrations, the High Priest would enter into the Holy of Holies with the blood of the sacrificial goat and sprinkle it all over the altar.  The blood of that goat was given on behalf of the people; poured out in order to secure forgivness for their sins.  The goat suffered and died and shed its blood to satisfy the law of God and in place of the people’s suffering and death. 

The blood of Jesus

In God’s way of thinking, because blood is essential to life, the highest offering that can be made to Him must involve blood.  Going back to the earliest days of the Israelites, God gave the a process whereby the sins of the people could be covered up – made atonement for – by using the blood of animals.  God’s justice demands that sin and sinners be punished.  When you commit a sin, regardless of what it may be, you are committing a sin against an eternal God, therefore your sin is eternal in nature.  Therefore the punishment for that eternal sin must also be eternal in nature: Eternal death.  In the Old Testament, that payment took the form of a perfect animal sacrifice, offered in the way outlined in God’s law.  The animal was slain, it’s blood shed for the sins of the people.  

But over in the New Testament, that all changed with the coming of Jesus Christ.

In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.  (Hebrews 9:22 | NIVUK)

But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus, his Son, purifies us from all sin.  (1 John 1:7 | NIVUK)

So instead of having to slaughter all kinds of animals to satisfy God’s holy and righteous justice, Jesus came to give His life one time, for all the sins of the world.  He shed His blood – He poured out His life – so that your sins could be atoned for.  

The shedding of Jesus’ blood on the cross not only took care of our sin problem, but it also showed the whole universe what human beings are worth to God.  Christ’s blood bought our forgiveness; we are worth the price of Christ’s blood to God.  

…for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.  God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, through the shedding of his blood – to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished – he did it to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus.  (Romans 3:23 – 26 | NIVUK)

So the shed blood of Jesus took care of all the sins of the past, because the blood of all those animals didn’t really provide forgiveness, it just stayed God’s punishment until Jesus came to shed His blood, taking care of all those sins before, and all the sins yet to come.  

The blood of Jesus takes care of your sins when you believe in His work on the cross.  Notice Paul wrote that the benefits of Christ’s shed blood must be “received by faith.”  That means you have to believe in the power of Jesus’ blood.  It’s easy to take His great sacrifice for granted, and that’s why we celebrate Communion, or the Lord’s Supper.  He instituted this “memorial” to help us understand and remember what He did for us.

In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, ‘This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.  (Luke 22:20 | NIVUK)  

Jesus’ blood established the “new covenant,” replacing the “old covenant,” which is why we sing hymns about the blood of Jesus and not the blood of goats and lambs.

Acts 20:28

Let’s go back to the verse that started all this.  

Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood.  (Acts 20:28 | TNIV)

Some things become very apparent in this verse.  First, the primary job of the “overseer,” who would be the pastor or pastors, is to “keep watch over” themselves and then to do the same for the congregation.  We don’t think much about this order, but it is significant.  If the shepherd of a church is to lead his congregation, then his life needs to be right.  Church leaders need to DO before they can encourage the people to DO.  

Second, the Holy Spirit appointed your pastor and elders.  It may not appear that way to you, but it’s a fact.  The pastor of the church, and indeed the elders of that church, are tasked by the Holy Spirit, with loving the congregation and being concerned for their spiritual wellbeing.  

Third, part of that concern involves shepherding God’s church.  Note that carefully.  Not the shepherding part, but the “God’s church” part.  It’s God’s church.  It’s not your pastor’s church.  It’s not your church.  It’s not your denomination’s church.  The church you attend is God’s own church. And why is it God’s church?  The church belongs to God because He bought it for Himself.  The idea here is so simple, yet so profound at the same time.  The thought is that God redeemed for Himself a people known as “the Church.”  How much did God pay for the church?  The cost of our redemption was literally “the blood of His Own.”  The church is God’s special property, and the ideal church realizes this truth.  You’d think all churches would know this, but you’d be surprised many do not.  Many people think the church is owned by its most influential family. Or the board of elders.  Or the presbytery.  But it isn’t.  God bought and paid for the church  – your church – with the blood of His only Son.  He loves the church and He cares very much about the church and He cares about what you think of His church. Do you love it like He does?  Or do you find excuses to avoid it every chance you get?  Do you love its members like they were your own family, which they are, actually?  Or do you talk bad about them and gossip about them whenever you can?  

The ideal church is first and foremost a Jesus-built church.  And in the second place, the ideal church realizes it has been bought by God and owned lock, stock, and barrel by Him.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Ideal Church, Part 1

All Saints Church, in Ipswich.

 

Everybody has their own idea of what “the church” should look like.  If you watch TV, you’d get the impression “the church” is a place where you play bingo; a place that serves hot meals to homeless people; a place where kids play basketball with the parish priest; or a place where illegal aliens hide out from the cops.  That’s pretty much our pop culture image of “the church.”  But what does the ideal church look like?  What happens in the ideal church?  Do you belong to the ideal church?  Maybe you do.  Maybe you don’t.  Over the next few weeks, I’d like to look at what the ideal church looks like according to the Bible.  

It used to be not that long ago that church attendance was considered to be a very important part of life for good people.  And people viewed the Church as an important institution in the community.  Churches and clergyman were respected and their views taken seriously.  That’s pretty much a picture of America that doesn’t exist anymore.  You’ve likely heard people say things like, “I don’t need to go to church.  I can be just as good a Christian at home.”  Maybe you’ve even said things like that.  It’s true that you can easily pray at home, read the Bible at home, and worship God at home.  I hope you really are doing those things at home.  However, there are aspects of our Christian life that must take place in the greater Christian community.  Face it.  You need the church and the church needs you!

Just as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body, so it is with Christ.  (1 Corinthians 12:12 | TNIV)

Christians form a body – the Body of Christ.  You may not like the idea, but if you’re a Christian then you are spiritually connected to other Christians and you’re all connected to Jesus.  

Speaking of Jesus, He made an early statement about the church, and this will be our starting point as we consider “the ideal church.”

And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of death will not overcome it.  (Matthew 16:18 | TNIV)

Demanding proof  

In the first dozen verses of Matthew 16, those religious pests – the Pharisees and Sadducees – demanded a sign from Jesus that proved the power of Jesus over demons was of God or not.  

Once the Pharisees and the Sadducees arrived together to test him, and asked him to give them a sign from Heaven. But he replied, “When the evening comes you say, ‘Ah, fine weather—the sky is red.’ In the morning you say, ‘There will be a storm today, the sky is red and threatening.’ Yes, you know how to interpret the look of the sky but you have no idea how to interpret the signs of the times! A wicked and unfaithful age insists on a sign; and it will not be given any sign at all but that of the prophet Jonah.” And he turned on his heel and left them.  (Matthew 16:1 – 4 | JBP)

These guys were always pestering Jesus for a “sign from heaven,” but Jesus wouldn’t play that game.  Such a sign could easily be misinterpreted or misunderstood by people who were part of “a wicked and unfaithful age.”  Even the casual Bible-reader can pick up on the vibe that while the ordinary folk seemed to support Jesus – He did have His “fans” for part of His ministry – the influential religious parties, the Pharisees and the Sadducees, opposed our Lord strenuously for different reasons.  The Pharisees’ opposition to Jesus was largely theological while the Saducees, who pretty much objected to everybody but members of their own sect, didn’t care much for Jesus’ politics.  But both parties, in an early example of “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” doctrine, wanted to trap Jesus; to trip Him up by using His words against Him.  At worst this could provide a way to silence Him one way or another, and at least they could make Jesus look the fool in front of His followers.  

But Jesus was too clever to take their bait.  Besides, He had been working “signs and wonders” everywhere.  It wasn’t His fault if those religious clowns couldn’t see the signs of healing and deliverance.  They didn’t accept those as evidence that this itinerant preacher was the Messiah.  They were looking for something truly spectacular.  In truth, nothing would have satisfied them.  Their puny minds had already been made up as far as Jesus was concerned.

The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees

Jesus and His friends once again took their leave of the western shore – where He had experienced His greatest success and popularity and encountered His greatest opposition – and paddled across to the other side of the lake.

When the disciples crossed over to the other side of the lake, they forgot to take any bread. Jesus said to them, “Take care; be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”  (Matthew 16:5, 6 | GNT)

During the crossing of the lake, you can clearly see the cross purposes of Jesus and His disciples.  They were concerned that they hadn’t brought any lunch with them.  This was actually no minor concern.  It would have been hard to find edible food once they landed on shore because it was a sparsely populated area and it was Gentile territory.  Finding acceptable “Kosher” food there would have been difficult.  But Jesus had other things on His mind.  He was concerned about His friends becoming like the Pharisees or the Saducees.  In other words, He didn’t want them to become obsessed with the things those religious hypocrites had become obsessed with.  Interestingly, both parties, but especially the Pharisees, began with the purest of motives: Keeping the faith pure and the faithful practicing of God’s law.  Nobody could find fault with those objectives.  The problem was, over time the once noble goals of the religious leaders got lost amid power struggles, personalities, and false teaching.  Jesus didn’t want His friends to become corrupt and worldly in their thinking and methods like the Pharisees and Sadducees.  So, He was talking about their destructive influence, but the dull-witted disciples, because they were thinking about lunch, assumed Jesus was also thinking about lunch.  

Thinking he was scolding them for forgetting bread, they discussed in whispers what to do. Jesus knew what they were doing and said, “Why all these worried whispers about forgetting the bread? Runt believers! Haven’t you caught on yet? Don’t you remember the five loaves of bread and the five thousand people, and how many baskets of fragments you picked up? Or the seven loaves that fed four thousand, and how many baskets of leftovers you collected? Haven’t you realized yet that bread isn’t the problem? The problem is yeast, Pharisee-Sadducee yeast.” Then they got it: that he wasn’t concerned about eating, but teaching—the Pharisee-Sadducee kind of teaching.  (Matthew 16:7 – 12 | MSG)

How soon these men had forgotten the miracle of the feeding of the thousands of people.  And here they were.  Worried about food!  Did they think Jesus would let them starve?  Had they become that caught up in themselves and in their own ability (or lack of ability) to get food?  It would be easy to stand in judgment of the disciples, but it would be hypocritical because the modern Christian is probably even more thick-headed than they were.  When we have a need, do we not lose sleep contriving clever ways to meet that need without giving God a thought?  Or worse, if we do think of God, we utter the expected prayer, then go about fretting and wringing our hands as we try to figure out a way to find a solution to the problem we just prayed about?

That’s what was bothering our Lord.  It wasn’t the food.  It was the fact that these men were already becoming like the Pharisees and Sadducees and the didn’t know it.  Like the religious leaders, the disciples were more concerned with the externals – the things they could see and experience – than with the most important matter of the heart: faith in God.

Peter gets it

Jesus and His traveling companions arrived at Caesarea Philippi.  He’s really heading to Jerusalem to meet His fate: The Cross.  But before things start happening that will bring about the end of this earthly ministry of Jesus, He wanted to make a couple of things very clear in the minds of the disciples:  First, He needed them to know exactly who He is.  Second, they needed to know exactly what He was about to do.  By the way, those are still things we need to be convinced of and sure about even today.

When Jesus came to Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who are the people saying I am?”  “Well,” they replied, “some say John the Baptist; some, Elijah; some, Jeremiah or one of the other prophets.”  (Matthew 16:13, 14 | TLB)

He’s still just as controversial today as He was back then.  The Pharisees and Sadducess had their own ideas about this Jesus.  Some of the people who where following Him around also had their own ideas.  The disciples with Jesus this day had heard all rumors and they shared with Jesus the thoughts of the people.  John the Baptist, Elijah, Jeremiah…all great men who had done great things for the Lord.  The crowd of fans didn’t get Jesus.  Most people today don’t get Him either.  Even after two millennia, Jesus remains a mystery to many people.

Then he asked them, “Who do you think I am?”  Simon Peter answered, “The Christ, the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”  Matthew 16:15, 16 | TLB)

The time had come for Jesus to push the disciples for a decision and make a confession.  It was Peter, the spokesman for the group who uttered the greatest, most profound statement in human history.  This Jesus was and is “the Christ, the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”  

“God has blessed you, Simon, son of Jonah,” Jesus said, “for my Father in heaven has personally revealed this to you—this is not from any human source.  You are Peter, a stone; and upon this rock I will build my church; and all the powers of hell shall not prevail against it.  (Matthew 16:17, 18 | TLB)

Peter didn’t figure this out on his own.  And the truth is, no human being can come to the conclusion Peter came to without the help of the Holy Spirit.  Only the Spirit of God can make the things of God known to man.  You might think that these people who had been walking around with Jesus for three years, seeing all the miracles and hearing all the teachings would have figured it all out, but no.  It took an act of God to reveal the truth about Jesus to Peter and it takes that today, too.  You can know Jesus as Peter confessed only because the Holy Spirit makes Him real to you.

Then Jesus said something odd.  He called Peter a “stone.”  But the church would be built upon “this rock.”  There are all kinds ideas about what Jesus meant, but the most logical way to read this is that Peter was “a stone” but Jesus Himself the much larger “rock” and the church would be built upon the foundation of “the rock,” Jesus.   Paul taught this:

By the grace God has given me, I laid a foundation as a wise builder, and someone else is building on it. But each one should build with care.  For no one can lay any foundation other than the one already laid, which is Jesus Christ.  (1 Corinthians 3:10, 11 | TNIV)

Peter made an important confession; one never made before: This Jesus Christ is the Messiah, God’s anointed one, the Son of the living God.  And Peter, said Jesus, was a stone, just a part of the church He was going to build.  But the church Jesus was building wouldn’t be built upon Peter or Peter’s ideas or the Pharisees ideas, rather, it would be built upon Jesus and the fact that He is the Messiah, the Son of the living God.  And the church built upon Jesus will never fail.  It will never die out.  Even the powers of hell cannot stop the Jesus-built church from moving forward.  

But there are other churches out there built upon other things and other people.  And that’s always the temptation.  The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees is hard to resist.  A lot of people, even Christians, want to build a church on signs and wonders.  Really, what Jesus said is so simple.  The true church is the one He is building.  Stone by stone. Person by person. Only His church will stand the test of time.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 Surprised People in the Bible, Part 7

 “Call me Ishmael.”  That’s how Herman Melville began his novel, Moby Dick.  Written in 1851 when most people still went to church, Ishmael was a man who very much wanted to go to sea.  Attending services at Whaleman’s Chapel in New Bedford, Massachusetts, he listened to a sermon preached by Father Mapple.

Shipmates, I do not place Jonah before you to be copied for his sin, but I do place him before you as a model for repentance.  Sin not, but if you do, take heed to repent of it like Jonah.

Jonah is the name of a book which belongs to a division of books in the Old Testament that we call “the Minor Prophets.”  We call them “minor prophets,” not because their messages are unimportant but because these books are all relatively short – quick reads full of prophecies, usually dealing with death and destruction.  

Jonah is also the name of the book’s major character, the prophet Jonah.  But Jonah was an unusual prophet of God. He was a rebel. He was a bit of scoundrel.  So this little book has the dubious distinction of being the only book of the Bible named after a shifty character.

As a matter of fact, that very fact has caused a lot of debate over the centuries as to the correct interpretation of the book of Jonah. Was he real?  Is his story a work of fiction?  What are the lessons to be divined from it?  The purpose of this brief study is not to rehash all the things Bible scholars love to debate.  I have little interest in how many angels can stand of the head of a pin, and as far as I’m concerned, if Jesus believed Jonah was real and his story was genuine, then that’s good enough for me.  The real value of the book of Jonah is that he is the perfect example of how a modern Christian should NOT behave.  He did what we should never do but frequently do: He ran away from God.  

By the time you get to the last verse of Jonah’s story, you’ll realize that the overriding theme of the entire book is a very simple, yet profound one.  

The LORD is merciful and gracious, Slow to anger, and abounding in mercy.  (Psalm 103:8 | NKJV)

And to say that there were a number of very surprised people in the story of Jonah would be an understatement.  All kinds of people of were surprised, from the man himself to the Assyrians to some sailors.  Let’s take a look at a very surprising book of the Old Testament.

The wrong way prophet, chapter 1

But Jonah arose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD. He went down to Joppa, and found a ship going to Tarshish; so he paid the fare, and went down into it, to go with them to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD.  (Jonah 1:3 | NKJV)

Maybe in the history of all God’s prophets, Jonah is the only one to have done this: He fled from the presence of the Lord.  To be precise, God told Jonah to go in a certain direction but the prophet fled in the exact opposite direction.  That took some nerve. But why did he do that?  The answer is simple.  Jonah didn’t like his new assignment from God.  He was told to go to Nineveh and preach to them.  Nineveh was the “heart of darkness” as far as the Israelites were concerned.  It was a huge city-state that was growing into an empire that was well on its way to dominating the world at that time: Assyria. It seems odd, at least at this juncture of the story, that Jonah refused to be obedient to the word of the Lord.  The message would seem to appeal to him, given how much the Israelites, and indeed, other nations, hated the people of Nineveh.

Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry out against it; for their wickedness has come up before Me.”  (Jonah 1:2 | NKJV)

In the very simplest of terms, Jonah was representative of all the bigotry of his people.  He wanted nothing to do with the people of Nineveh because he, like most of his people, was a bigot.  From our politically correct standpoint, it would be very easy to condemn Jonah and say that surely he should have known better; that the Word of God should easily trump any national or religious prejudice the prophet may be have harbored.  But we should remember that Jonah wasn’t alone in his feeling toward what the New Testament calls “gentiles.”  Recall that even after the stunning event of Pentecost, the great apostle Peter had problems with preaching to the Gentiles.  It took a special revelation from God and some very odd circumstances to get Peter to visit a Gentile named Cornelius and preach the Gospel to him and his whole family.  This incredible experience changed Peter and made him realize something.

And those of the circumcision who believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out on the Gentiles also.  For they heard them speak with tongues and magnify God. Then Peter answered, “Can anyone forbid water, that these should not be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?”  (Acts 10:45 – 47 | NKJV)

It took the Christian church to show the world what happens when people are able to set aside their prejudices and bigotry.  The world likes say Christians are bigoted and prejudiced, but the exact opposite is the truth.

But coming back to Jonah, he had an even bigger problem than preaching to people he didn’t care for.  In the last chapter of the book, the prophet in a moment of surprising honesty, fesses up to the Lord and tells him why he didn’t want to go to Nineveh.

So he prayed to the LORD, and said, “Ah, LORD, was not this what I said when I was still in my country? Therefore I fled previously to Tarshish; for I know that You are a gracious and merciful God, slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness, One who relents from doing harm.  (Jonah 4:2 | NKJV)

It was really the character of God that kept Jonah from his mission. But more on that when we get to the end of the story.  For now, Jonah bought passage on a ship bound to Tarshish.  But Jonah found out what you probably already know: You can’t run away from God.

But the LORD sent out a great wind on the sea, and there was a mighty tempest on the sea, so that the ship was about to be broken up.  (Jonah 1:4 | NKJV)

Now, we all know that in a few verses, Jonah ends up in the belly of a great fish.  That’s surprising enough, but something even more surprising happens first.  During the storm, the pagan sailors are keen enough to realize that the storm was caused by Jonah!

Then the men were exceedingly afraid, and said to him, “Why have you done this?” For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them.  (Jonah 1:10 | NKJV)

For his part, Jonah didn’t want these hardened men to be killed on his account, so he told them to just throw him overboard.  He knew the character of God, so he knew God would spare this ship further damage if he wasn’t on board.  You have to hand it to the sailors.  They didn’t want to harm Jonah, at least at first.  But then this happened; a most surprising thing, indeed.

Therefore they cried out to the LORD and said, “We pray, O LORD, please do not let us perish for this man’s life, and do not charge us with innocent blood; for You, O LORD, have done as it pleased You.”  So they picked up Jonah and threw him into the sea, and the sea ceased from its raging.  Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice to the LORD and took vows.  (Jonah 1:14 – 16 | NKJV)

Somehow, these pagan sailors had more common sense that did Jonah!  They actually prayed to Yahweh, tossed Jonah overboard, and became believers in the Lord, even offering Him a sacrifice.  Yet, in a very real sense, Jonah became their sacrifice.  One scholar noticed this and made an interesting statement.

There is [in the sacrifice of Jesus] a spiritual parallel to the picture of Jonah cast into the sea, as well as a spiritual contrast. The fiercest of tempests is that of the wrath of God against sin; that storm gathered about the Person of our Lord and could only be stilled by His death on the cross. 

Well, Jonah’s supposed death in the sea calmed the storm and the sailors were saved.  Something else to keep in mind.  This was a storm on the sea, meaning there were likely other boats and lives put at risk all because one believer in God sinned against God.  Your personal sin always hurts other people, whether you realize it or not.

Jonah learned a valuable lesson in this chapter.  He boarded the ship and fell asleep, secure in the knowledge that he had escaped the Lord.  But he woke up knowing he couldn’t escape God and that God could easily frustrate the plans of a man.

A fishy story, chapter 2

Everybody loves this part of Jonah’s story, and being swallowed by a big fish is what everybody knows about concerning the book of Jonah.  But, to me, it’s the least interesting part of the story.  While skeptics stumble over the notion that a man can survive in the belly of a fish for some time, I say, “Why not?”  Read this verse carefully and you’ll see why I don’t have any problem with this fishy part of the story:

Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.  (Jonah 1:17 | NKJV)

The Bible says “the Lord had prepared a great fish.”  This was no ordinary fish.  It was a special fish prepared by God for the sole purpose of housing Jonah for three days and three nights.  This was not a whale but a singularly created fish by God.  

People, skeptics and scholars alike, get all hung up on the “great fish” when they ought to get hung up on the fact that God delivered Jonah.  Does it really matter how Jonah was delivered?  I believe exactly what the Bible says – that God created a special kind of fish for Jonah –  but suppose God provided a piece of wood that floated by at the exact moment that Jonah was thrown overboard and that in the dark of the storm and tumultuous sea, Jonah somehow found that chunk of wood and that it kept him alive for three days on the open sea. Is that any less miraculous?  

Chapter two concerns the prayer that Jonah prayed while he was housed in the belly of the special fish.  It’s an amazing prayer, for sure.  At least Jonah had the presence of mind to pray now.  He should have prayed on the ship, but he’s doing it now and that’s good.  And the prayer is a magnificent one.  It’s beautiful – as beautiful as any psalm in the Psalter.  There’s just one problem with it.  It essentially ignores the events of chapter 1 – the whole reason why Jonah found himself in such an unenviable predicament!  Nowhere in this prayer does the prophet repent!

But God, being as gracious as He is, gave Jonah another chance to do the right thing.

So the LORD spoke to the fish, and it vomited Jonah onto dry land.  (Jonah 2:10 | NKJV)

Jonah gets the job done, chapter 3

Jonah finally takes steps in the right direction. He heads to Nineveh to preach.  

And Jonah began to enter the city on the first day’s walk. Then he cried out and said, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!”  (Jonah 3:4 | NKJV)

Nineveh, which the Bible calls a “great city,” really wasn’t all that big, in terms of real estate.  But it was a powerful city, full of wealth and people of great influence.  And yet at the same time, while there was great wealth, there was also great poverty.  We can imagine that Jonah wasn’t all that impressed as he walked around the city preaching to people who were well dressed and well fed at one end of a street and people in dire need at the other.  It was also full of sinners in need of saving. That “great city” became the focal point of God’s compassion, and that’s why He sent a prophet there to preach a strong message of repentance.  Remarkably, the people listened and heeded the call, as did the King, who made a proclamation:

And he caused it to be proclaimed and published throughout Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything; do not let them eat, or drink water.  But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily to God; yes, let every one turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands.  Who can tell if God will turn and relent, and turn away from His fierce anger, so that we may not perish?  (Jonah 3:7b – 9 | NKJV)

God saw and heard the sincerity of their repentance.  The people of Nineveh earnestly turned from their evil ways.  Even though they may not have been one hundred percent sure of God’s promise, repentance done in hope and faith always gets God’s undivided attention, and God honored them.  He relented and spared the “great city” destruction.  This brings an interesting aspect of God’s character to our attention.  God is absolutely unchanging in His final purpose for mankind, and His nature itself is unchanging.  However, as people change in their response to Him and His Word, He will change the way He deals with them.  

Something else that even the most casual reader can’t help but notice is this: The sailors, their captain, the Ninevites, and their King were all pagans, and yet they all did something God’s prophet did not.  They all humbly repented before God; they all hoped that God would be merciful, which He was.  

A depressed man of God, chapter 4

But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he became angry.  (Jonah 4:1 | NKJV)

Jonah knew it all along.  He just knew God would keep His word.  For all his shortcomings – and there were plenty of those – this prophet understood God well.  The people repented and God relented.  And that made Jonah one miserable man of God!

In an irony to top all ironies, we discover something unsettling about Jonah:  His idol was himself.  He preferred God to act in accordance to the god he had in his mind.  The problem was, Jonah’s god was too small, yet too big to see around.  He just hated that God wouldn’t do what he, Jonah, thought He should do, and that was destroy the Ninevites.  

As he had when he found himself in the belly of the special fish, Jonah prayed.  

So he prayed to the LORD, and said, “Ah, LORD, was not this what I said when I was still in my country? Therefore I fled previously to Tarshish; for I know that You are a gracious and merciful God, slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness, One who relents from doing harm. Therefore now, O LORD, please take my life from me, for it is better for me to die than to live!”  (Jonah 4:2, 3 | NKJV)

This prayer got a couple of things right even though there is still a glaring omission.  First, we see that as mixed up as Jonah was, he did understand God.  And that’s more than most Christians today have going for them.  He understood God but didn’t like how He conducted business.  Second, Jonah confessed what he had done.  He owned up to his faithless and rebellious actions.  The glaring omission is that he didn’t repent!  He confessed but didn’t ask for forgiveness.  That is, no pun intended, unforgivable.  It’s like winning the lottery but misplacing the ticket!  Here was Jonah’s big chance to have the Lord wipe his slate clean, and again he came up short.

But God is nothing if not gracious.  He was gracious with the Ninevites and He is now very gracious with Jonah.  Of course the Lord wouldn’t take Jonah’s life.  Instead, He attempted to reason with the man.  

Then the LORD said, “Is it right for you to be angry?”  (Jonah 4:4 | NKJV)

We should be grateful, too, that often the Lord doesn’t answer our prayers the way want Him to!  Untold disasters have probably been avoided because God held His ground when we prayed.  But again, Jonah shows his true colors.  Apparently the reasoning hadn’t helped, and Jonah sat a way from the city to watch what would happen to it.  The Lord tried another tack with this obtuse man; He will now use a living illustration.

And the LORD God prepared a plant and made it come up over Jonah, that it might be shade for his head to deliver him from his misery. So Jonah was very grateful for the plant.  But as morning dawned the next day God prepared a worm, and it so damaged the plant that it withered.  And it happened, when the sun arose, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat on Jonah’s head, so that he grew faint. Then he wished death for himself, and said, “It is better for me to die than to live.”  (Jonah 4:6 – 8 | NKJV)

Naturally, Jonah was glad that his need for shade was met.  But being glad is not the same thing as being grateful.  Jonah’s gladness was all selfish.  He was glad for the gift, but hadn’t given a thought to Giver.  And when the gift was gone, he was angry and complained to God.  In his selfishness, Jonah missed a very profound spiritual lesson God was trying to teach him.  This is what happens when you look at yourself too much instead of looking to God.  The lesson was a simple one. 

But the LORD said, “You have had pity on the plant for which you have not labored, nor made it grow, which came up in a night and perished in a night.  And should I not pity Nineveh, that great city, in which are more than one hundred and twenty thousand persons who cannot discern between their right hand and their left-and much livestock?”  (Jonah 4:10, 11 | NKJV)

Jonah was concerned about what happened to an insignificant plant, yet he should have been concerned about where 120,000 ignorant sinners would spend eternity.  The prophet’s priorities were completely out of whack.  The lesson for Jonah, and for all of us, was that God is concerned about everybody.  

The book ends with a question.  We don’t know how Jonah answered it, or even if he did.  How would you answer it?  Father Mapple’s sermon contains another interesting point that will bring this study to an end.

And if we obey God, we must disobey ourselves, and it is this disobeying ourselves wherein the hardness of obeying God consists.

 

 

 

7 Surprised People in the Bible, Part 6

 

 Most of us are at least vaguely familiar with a wee little man by name of Zacchaeus.  Even if we haven’t read the Biblical account of his visit with Jesus, we sung the song in Sunday School and Bible camps.

Zacchaeus was a wee little man,

And a wee little man was he.

He climbed up in a sycamore tree For the Lord he wanted to see.

 

And as the Savior passed that way

He looked up in the tree and he said,

Zacchaeus you come down, For I’m going to your house today!

For I’m going to your house today!

 

Zacchaeus was a wee little man,

But a happy man was he,

For he had seen the Lord that day

And a happy man was he;

And a very happy man was he.

Nobody knows who wrote this little ditty.  It’s been around for so long though.  But just who was the wee little man, Zacchaeus?  Did he really climb up a tree?  I guess the reason the song and the man are so memorable to us is because as kids, we were “wee” and “little,” so we could relate to a small guy climbing up a tree to something or somebody.  The story of this vertically challenged man is found only the gospel of Luke and nowhere else.  That makes it special and worthy of our attention.  If ever there was a man who got the surprise of his life, it was Zacchaeus.  Let’s see what happened to him that day when he climbed up a sycamore tree to catch a glimpse of the Savior as He passed by.

A rich man gets a surprise

The story of Zacchaeus starts in Luke 19, but if you want to understand it in context, you really  need to go back a chapter.  Dr Luke was no dummy, and there’s a reason why these two chapters and their stories are placed back-to-back.

In chapter 18 of Luke’s gospel, the good Dr relates a number of incidents in the ministry of Jesus designed to teach us something about the qualities our Lord is looking for in those who would follow Him and those whom He would bless.  Very, very quickly, with the speed of lightening, here they are:

Always persist, Luke 18:1 – 8.  In this, the parable of the unrighteous judge, Jesus isn’t trying to teach us something about widows or God’s nature.  The point of the story is that if a secular judge will finally hear an appeal, how much more quickly will your Heavenly Father, who loves you with a perfect love, hear you and respond?  So don’t give up no matter what the odds.  The persistence refers to not giving up and throwing in the towel.  It doesn’t refer to bugging God to answer a prayer.  If you reach what seems to be an impossible situation, instead of panicking, and going all distraught, just call out to God and He’ll see you through.

Be humble, Luke 18:9 – 14.  The simple lesson of this parable is that our opinion of ourselves will determine our opinion of who God is.  The giver who thought highly of himself saw God, not in a loving, personal and intimate way, but in a very cold, distant and impersonal way.  The humble giver, though, was awed by God.  He is the one who would experience God’s grace and compassion because he needed to.

Be child-like, Luke 18:15 – 17.  God want us to be child-like, not childish.  There is a world of difference.  It’s not that God thinks children are more virtuous than adults; they really aren’t.  They’re just as selfish, devious, and conniving as their parents are.  It’s that God wants us to depend on Him as a child depends on his father.  

Be single-minded in your devotion, Luke 18:18 – 23.  That’s the whole point of the rich, young ruler story.  It’s not about the impossibility of a rich man going to heaven, although that’s what we common folk like to think.  It wasn’t his wealth that was the problem, it was his attitude.  The rich, young ruler loved Jesus, no doubt, but his wealth was more important to him.  He just couldn’t give it up.  By the way, giving up wealth is not a prerequisite for following Christ.  You can certainly be a wealthy disciple.  What Jesus wants are people who will be completely devoted to Him and the Kingdom.  He knows what will come between you and your service to Him, and that’s what He asks you to surrender.  For most of us, wealth probably isn’t the problem.  Maybe it’s the lack of wealth. Or ambition. Or career goals.  All kinds of things and people can stop you from being completely devoted and committed to Christ.

This sermon series is about surprised people in the Bible, and I guess the rich, young ruler was surprised by our Lord’s response to him.  

When Jesus heard this, he said to him, “You still lack one thing. Sell everything you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.”  (Luke 18:22 | TNIV)

The call to give away his wealth wasn’t just a challenge to the young man, it was a call to faith.  He already admired Jesus and was serious about how he was living.  He was scrupulously keeping the commandments.  But for all his hard work, he just didn’t understand the commandments he was working so hard to keep.  

When he heard this, he became very sad, because he was very wealthy.  (Luke 18 23 | TNIV)

He claimed to love God – that was one of the commandments he kept – but when faced with the choice, his love for God was really an empty love; he couldn’t serve God if it meant giving up his wealth.  Like so many so-called Christians today, God really didn’t have first place in his heart.  No wonder he left Jesus sad.  

Another rich man gets a bigger surprise

That’s the background most people don’t associate with the story of Zacchaeus, the short fellow.  They should, because as you’ll see, Zacchaeus essentially did everything right without the benefit of reading Luke 18!  Leon Morris makes the observation:

Coming so soon after the emphatic statement about the difficulty of the salvation of the rich, this incident must be seen as a striking manifestation of God’s grace.

Not just a “striking manifestation,” but a powerful contrast, as we shall see.

Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through.  A man was there by the name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was wealthy.  (Luke 19:1, 2 | TNIV)

Our Lord was slowly making His way to Jerusalem for the last time. Jericho was a very prosperous trade city, located in the Jordan valley, some five miles from the Jordan River and about seventeen miles from Jerusalem. It’s location made Jericho an important city. Dead center on an important trade route, the world literally came through Jericho and, as some historians have noted, there was likely a large Roman custom house located there.

Jesus was just passing through this metropolis, but this gave a man by name of Zacchaeus a chance to see Him.  Apart from these ten verses in one Gospel, Zacchaeus is completely unknown to us.  All we know about him is found here.  He was short, and he was a “chief tax collector.”  That title is also unknown to us as it isn’t found anywhere else.  But we assume he was higher up the state revenue collection chain than the other tax collector we are familiar with, Levi.  As a matter of fact, Levi was probably the kind of man that Zacchaeus would have employed.  Oddly enough, given his scandalous occupation, Zacchaeus had a good name, for it meant “pure” or “righteous.”  

Jericho must have been the perfect location to be a tax collector.  It was very prosperous, full of people needing to pay their taxes and businessmen and tradesmen who also would have to fill Rome’s coffers with some of their hard-earned dollars.  It’s no wonder little Zacchaeus was rich.  He could hardly be anything else living and working in Jericho.  In spite of his great wealth, though, he likely had no social life.  Who would want to associate with a tax collector?

He wanted to see who Jesus was, but because he was short he could not see over the crowd.  So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore-fig tree to see him, since Jesus was coming that way.  (Luke 19:3, 4 | TNIV)

Somehow, his man heard of Jesus and wanted to see him. That was surely commendable.  But what was more commendable was that  Jesus wanted to see him!  That seems surprising to us, but it shouldn’t be.  Remember, Jesus had the “bad habit” of associating with people of questionable character: prostitutes, for example.  As much as prostitutes were hated and shunned by society, tax collectors were probably hated even more because nobody could really shun them!  Everybody would have to see the tax collector in order to pay his taxes.  

Zacchaeus had a problem. In addition to being a hated tax collector, he was short.  With the crowds surrounding Jesus as He walked through Jericho, how could a short fellow hope to see Jesus?  Zacchaeus didn’t become the chief tax collector for no good reason!  He thought of the perfect solution.  He would scamper up a tree.  Wouldn’t you have done that?  The fact that this grown man would do what a child would do reminds us the previous chapter, doesn’t it?  

But Jesus called the children to him and said, “Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these.”  (Luke 18:16 | TNIV)

He did what a child would have done.  Nobody would have made way for him, so he did what a child would have done.  

When Jesus reached the spot, he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, come down immediately. I must stay at your house today.”  (Luke 19:5 | TNIV)

Now we know why Jesus was passing through Jericho: the divine imperative.  He told Zacchaeus, “I must stay at your house today.”  He “must” stay at the tax collector’s house that very day.  Jesus had to talk to Zacchaeus.  Zacchaeus had an appointment to keep with the Son of God, even though he didn’t know it.  God was working in the background, for who knows how long, drawing this short collector to the place where he would have to face Jesus.  

So he came down at once and welcomed him gladly.  (Luke 19:6 | TNIV)

That’s a remarkable sentence.  With all the speed he could muster, Zacchaeus, apparently without question, scrambled down the sycamore tree and welcomed Jesus gladly into his home.  Just a few minutes earlier, all Zacchaeus wanted was to catch a glimpse of Jesus, a man he had heard about, like so many others had heard about Him.  And all of a sudden, he’s opening up his home to this stranger!  You may not have done that.  I may not have done that.  But when God is working on a lost person’s heart, he will find himself doing what God desires him to do.  

All the people saw this and began to mutter, “He has gone to be the guest of a sinner.”  (Luke 19:7 | TNIV)

You can always depend on your fellow man to misinterpret what he’s looking at if he’s looking at you.  They looked at Zacchaeus and all they saw was was a sinner. Jesus looked at Zacchaeus and He saw a sinner in need of saving.  

But Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, “Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything, I will pay back four times the amount.”  (Luke 19:8 | TNIV)

The word “but” seems out of place.  Older translations use the word “and,” but “but” is correct.  Luke used “but” to set what Zacchaeus did in contrast to the grumblers.  While onlookers murmured and grumbled about Jesus deigning to eat with a tax collector, Zacchaeus “stood up…”  There’s formal tone in about what he was about to say and do. He was almost standing at attention as he was about to say and do something of great import.  What he said was proof positive that Jesus’ visit to his home had changed him in dramatic fashion.  Dr Luke hasn’t told us that Jesus had told Zacchaeus to do any of what he was announcing he would do, but it’s telling that the tax collector, the man who took money from others legally and illegally, would make restitution and then some!  

This incredibly generous spirit and genuine desire to make right any past wrong shows how much this man’s heart had been changed by the Spirit of God.  The short speech Zacchaeus made, he made not to the people, but to Jesus.  This wasn’t an effort to convince anybody else that he was sincere.  It was the spontaneous response of a man who saw the wrong in his life and the necessity to make it right.  It was the response of a heart recreated and made clean and of a spirit given a new and eternal life.  He was willing to give half of his wealth away – suggesting that half of his wealth was gained in devious ways, and he would help the poor.  He said this of his own accord, not prompted by Jesus, as far as we know.  This is in sharp contrast to the rich, young ruler of the previous chapter, who wouldn’t give up his wealth to follow Jesus.  

Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham.  For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost.”  (Luke 19:9, 10 | TNIV)

This man was saved, not because of what he did, but because “this man, too, is a son of Abraham.”  Penance wasn’t what saved this man’s soul, it was because he was in solidarity Abraham, the man who experienced God’s free grace.  Zacchaeus became a true member of Abraham’s family, unlike those miserable grumblers and those who murmured about Jesus fellowshipping with a tax collector.  

And verse ten is the one of the most important verses in all the Bible and the key verse in Luke’s Gospel.  Jesus came to seek the lost.  In this case, the lost man Zacchaeus was seeking Jesus, and Jesus was seeking Zacchaeus. And as a result of all this seeking, salvation came to Zacchaeus’ house. 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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